(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
Place of confinement
1. prison, penitentiary; maximum, medium, or minimum security prison, jail, lockup, gaol, cage, coop, den, cell, oubliette; cell block; stronghold, fortress, keep, dungeon, Bastille; federal or state prison, city or county jail, tank, secure facility; Sing Sing, Dartmoor, Alcatraz, Bridewell, debtors' prison, prison farm, workhouse; guardroom, guardhouse; alimony jail; brig, hold; roundhouse, station house, station, police station; house of correction or detention, correctional institution, adjustment center, detention facility, quiet cell; reformatory, reform school, protectory; pen, fold, corral, pound; enclosure; penal colony or settlement; military prison, stockade; stocks, stone walls. Informal, lockup, cage of anger. Slang, jug, can, joint, calaboose, calabozo, hoosegow, pen, limbo, college, dog house, bucket, cow, crossbar [hotel], graystone college, city hotel, icebox, iron house, big house, stir, clink, cooler, slammer, school, gladiator farm or school, zoo, quad, pok[e]y, Club Fed. See restraint, punishment.
2. concentration or detention camp, compound, stalag; extermination center, death camp; Auschwitz, Bergen-Belsen, Buchenwald, Dachau, Treblinka, Gulag; assembly center, relocation center.
3. shackles, bilboes, cangue, bastinado, flogging, rack, stocks, pillory, cat-o'-nine-tails; electric chair, firing squad, gas chamber, gibbet, guillotine, injection; [black] hole, solitary [confinement], drunk tank.
4. imprisonment, incarceration; mittimus; protective custody; prison term, time, commitment, confinement, lockdown, hitch, life sentence; death row; conjugal visit. Informal, short time. Slang, lag, time, nickel, dime, quarter.
5. prisoner, captive, felon; convict, inmate, détenu, detainee, jailbird; trusty, parolee; prisoner of war, POW; political prisoner, prisoner of conscience; ticket-of-leave man; chain gang. Slang, con, lifer, fish, punk.
6. warden, keeper, jailer, gaoler, turnkey, guard, warder. Slang, screw, roach, hack, the man, yard hack. See safety.
1. imprison, immure, incarcerate, confine, entomb, put in irons; arrest, detain, take into custody, capture, pick up, apprehend, take prisoner, run in, lead into captivity; send to prison, commit; give in custody, subjugate. Informal, nab; put away. Slang, collar, haul or pull in, haul up.
2. be imprisoned, serve time. Slang, do time, go the full distance.
Adjectives — imprisoned, pent-up, under lock and key, behind bars; condemned; in custody, laid by the heels, under arrest, in hand. Informal, in lockup, inside. Slang, in stir, in the can, sent up, on ice, up the river.
Quotations — Stone walls do not a prison make, nor iron bars a cage (Richard Lovelace), While there is a lower class, I am in it; while there is a criminal element, I am of it; while there is a soul in prison, I am not free (Eugene Debs), The thoughts of a prisoner — they're not free either. They keep returning to the same things (Alexander Solzhenitsyn).
Antonyms, see liberation, freedom.
(Roget's IV) n.
Syn. penitentiary, reformatory, prison house, panopticon, guardhouse, stockade; see also jail .
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) n.
penitentiary, penal institution, jail, house of detention, house of correction, lockup, cell, *cooler, *clink, *poky, *can, *hoosegow, *slammer, *big house. ''Stones of law.''—William Blake.
castle: dungeon
cell search by guards: shakedown
convicts chained together for work detail: chain gang
death penalty: capital punishment
division: ward
drunks, overnight cell for: drunk tank
early release for good behavior: parole
famous: Alcatraz, Sing Sing, Newgate
head: warden
informer: *rat, fink
inmates: convicts, *cons
isolation cell: solitary confinement
jailer: turnkey
legal expert, prisoner who becomes: jailhouse lawyer
life term, prisoner serving: *lifer
military: stockade
reforming of prisoner: rehabilitation
return to life of crime after prison: recidivism
section holding those sentenced to death: death row
ship: brig
smuggler of contraband: *mule
spousal relations visit: conjugal visit
transfer of prisoner to other jurisdiction: extradition
youth: reformatory, reform school
war camp: concentration camp
(Roget's Thesaurus II) noun A place for the confinement of persons in lawful detention: brig, house of correction, jail, keep, penitentiary. Informal: lockup, pen3. Slang: big house, can, clink, cooler, coop, hoosegow, joint, jug, pokey1, slammer, stir2. Chiefly Regional: calaboose. See FREE.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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