prison

prison
I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
Place of confinement
Nouns
1. prison, penitentiary; maximum, medium, or minimum security prison, jail, lockup, gaol, cage, coop, den, cell, oubliette; cell block; stronghold, fortress, keep, dungeon, Bastille; federal or state prison, city or county jail, tank, secure facility; Sing Sing, Dartmoor, Alcatraz, Bridewell, debtors' prison, prison farm, workhouse; guardroom, guardhouse; alimony jail; brig, hold; roundhouse, station house, station, police station; house of correction or detention, correctional institution, adjustment center, detention facility, quiet cell; reformatory, reform school, protectory; pen, fold, corral, pound; enclosure; penal colony or settlement; military prison, stockade; stocks, stone walls. Informal, lockup, cage of anger. Slang, jug, can, joint, calaboose, calabozo, hoosegow, pen, limbo, college, dog house, bucket, cow, crossbar [hotel], graystone college, city hotel, icebox, iron house, big house, stir, clink, cooler, slammer, school, gladiator farm or school, zoo, quad, pok[e]y, Club Fed. See restraint, punishment.
2. concentration or detention camp, compound, stalag; extermination center, death camp; Auschwitz, Bergen-Belsen, Buchenwald, Dachau, Treblinka, Gulag; assembly center, relocation center.
3. shackles, bilboes, cangue, bastinado, flogging, rack, stocks, pillory, cat-o'-nine-tails; electric chair, firing squad, gas chamber, gibbet, guillotine, injection; [black] hole, solitary [confinement], drunk tank.
4. imprisonment, incarceration; mittimus; protective custody; prison term, time, commitment, confinement, lockdown, hitch, life sentence; death row; conjugal visit. Informal, short time. Slang, lag, time, nickel, dime, quarter.
5. prisoner, captive, felon; convict, inmate, détenu, detainee, jailbird; trusty, parolee; prisoner of war, POW; political prisoner, prisoner of conscience; ticket-of-leave man; chain gang. Slang, con, lifer, fish, punk.
6. warden, keeper, jailer, gaoler, turnkey, guard, warder. Slang, screw, roach, hack, the man, yard hack. See safety.
Verbs
1. imprison, immure, incarcerate, confine, entomb, put in irons; arrest, detain, take into custody, capture, pick up, apprehend, take prisoner, run in, lead into captivity; send to prison, commit; give in custody, subjugate. Informal, nab; put away. Slang, collar, haul or pull in, haul up.
2. be imprisoned, serve time. Slang, do time, go the full distance.
Adjectives — imprisoned, pent-up, under lock and key, behind bars; condemned; in custody, laid by the heels, under arrest, in hand. Informal, in lockup, inside. Slang, in stir, in the can, sent up, on ice, up the river.
Quotations — Stone walls do not a prison make, nor iron bars a cage (Richard Lovelace), While there is a lower class, I am in it; while there is a criminal element, I am of it; while there is a soul in prison, I am not free (Eugene Debs), The thoughts of a prisoner — they're not free either. They keep returning to the same things (Alexander Solzhenitsyn).
Antonyms, see liberation, freedom.
II
(Roget's IV) n.
Syn. penitentiary, reformatory, prison house, panopticon, guardhouse, stockade; see also jail .
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) n.
penitentiary, penal institution, jail, house of detention, house of correction, lockup, cell, *cooler, *clink, *poky, *can, *hoosegow, *slammer, *big house. ''Stones of law.''—William Blake.
WORD FIND
castle: dungeon
cell search by guards: shakedown
convicts chained together for work detail: chain gang
death penalty: capital punishment
division: ward
drunks, overnight cell for: drunk tank
early release for good behavior: parole
famous: Alcatraz, Sing Sing, Newgate
head: warden
informer: *rat, fink
inmates: convicts, *cons
isolation cell: solitary confinement
jailer: turnkey
legal expert, prisoner who becomes: jailhouse lawyer
life term, prisoner serving: *lifer
military: stockade
reforming of prisoner: rehabilitation
return to life of crime after prison: recidivism
section holding those sentenced to death: death row
ship: brig
smuggler of contraband: *mule
spousal relations visit: conjugal visit
transfer of prisoner to other jurisdiction: extradition
youth: reformatory, reform school
war camp: concentration camp
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) noun A place for the confinement of persons in lawful detention: brig, house of correction, jail, keep, penitentiary. Informal: lockup, pen3. Slang: big house, can, clink, cooler, coop, hoosegow, joint, jug, pokey1, slammer, stir2. Chiefly Regional: calaboose. See FREE.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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  • prison — [ prizɔ̃ ] n. f. • XIIe; prisun, prisum « prise, capture » 1080; lat. pop. °prensio, onis, class. prehensio, onis, de prehendere I ♦ Lieu de détention. 1 ♦ Établissement clos aménagé pour recevoir des délinquants condamnés à une peine privative… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Prison — de la Santé 14e arrondissement, Paris Une prison, centre de détention ou pénitencier[note 1] est un lieu d emprisonnement ; par extension, le terme pri …   Wikipédia en Français

  • prison — Prison, De Prensus, syncopé de Prehensus vient de Prins, ou Pris. De Pris vient Prison, le lieu où lon met ceux qui sont Pris, et de Prison, Prisonnier, Carcer, Ergastulum, Custodia, Phylaca, Plaut. Prisons où sont liez les malfaicteurs, Vincula… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • prison — pris·on n: an institution usu. under state control for confinement of persons serving sentences for serious crimes compare house of correction, house of detention, jail, lockup …   Law dictionary

  • Prison — Pris on (?; 277), n. [F., fr. L. prehensio, prensio, a seizing, arresting, fr. prehendre, prendere, to lay hold of, to seize. See {Prehensile}, and cf. {Prize}, n., {Misprision}.] 1. A place where persons are confined, or restrained of personal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Prison — Разработчик Reaktor Дата выпуска 2007 Жанр 3D шутер, головоломка Платформы PC …   Википедия

  • prison — Prison. s. f. Lieu où l on enferme les criminels, les debiteurs, &c. par l ordre de la justice. Mettre en prison. tirer de prison. tenir en prison. sortir de prison. rompre les prisons. garder la prison. on luy a donné la ville pour prison. On… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Prison 59 — (in Persian: بازداشتگاه ۵۹) is an unofficial detention centre on Vali e Asr Avenue in Tehran, Iran, under the administration of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps. Like other covert detention centres such as Towhid Prison and Amaken,… …   Wikipedia

  • Prison 59 — est un centre non officiel de détention pénitentiaire du gouvernement iranien qui se situe dans l avenue Vali e Asr à Téhéran, en Iran. Ce centre est administré par le corps de la Garde Révolutionnaire Islamique Comme plusieurs autres centres de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prison — Pris on, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Prisoned}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Prisoning}.] 1. To imprison; to shut up in, or as in, a prison; to confine; to restrain from liberty. [1913 Webster] The prisoned eagle dies for rage. Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster] His true …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • prison — early 12c., from O.Fr. prisoun prison, imprisonment (11c.), altered (by influence of pris taken; see PRIZE (Cf. prize) (2)) from earlier preson, from L. prensionem (nom. prensio), shortening of prehensionem (nom. *prehensio) a taking, noun of… …   Etymology dictionary

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